Tarangire National Park Tanzania is in the northern Tanzania, just south of Lake Mayara, this protected area of colossal baobabs, grassy plains and huge herds of elephants.  Tarangire National Park was established in 1970. The name of the park originated from the Tarangire River that crosses the park. Tarangire National Park covers an area of approximately 2,850 square kilometers (1,100 square miles), the landscape is composed of granitic ridges, river valley, and swamps, and the vegetation is a mix of Acacia woodland, combretum woodland, seasonally flooded grasslands and baobab trees. The park is managed by the Tanzania National Parks Authority.

Attractions in Tarangire National Park.


 Tarangire National Park is famous for its high density of elephants, the visitors come in Tarangire National Park in the months of June to November in the dry season, the animals species in the park includes the zebra, wildebeest, cape buffalo, elephants, and many others, other common resident animals in the park includes the waterbuck, giraffe, dik-dik, impala, eland, Grant’s gazelle, vervet monkey, banded mongoose, olive baboon. The main predators in Tarangire National Park includes the lion, leopard, cheetah, caracal, honey badger, African wild dog and many others.

Tarangire national park has the oldest known elephant to give birth to twins, the recent birth of elephant twins in the park is a great example of how the birth of these two healthy and thriving twins can be beat the odds.

Tarangire National Park
Elephants in Tarangire

Bird species.

Tarangire National Park is a home of more than 550 bird species, the park is a haven for bird enthusiasts. Some of the bird species in the park includes the Yellow necked spur fowl, Northern White crowned shrike, White faced whistling duck, Red billed hornbill, Pygmy falcon, African marsh harrier, Woodland kingfisher, and Black headed heron and many others.

The swamps.

Tarangire national park comprises of an extensive network of swamps that are mainly found in the southern and the eastern parts of the park, these swamps acts as the habitat to a variety of the bird species such as the Yellow-collared lovebird, Great white pelican, Mouse-colored penduline tit, Northern pied babbler, Von der Decken’s hornbill, Ostrich and Slate –colored boubou and many more bird species and animals such as the cape buffalos, tree climbing pythons, silale –swamp lions, elephants and many more.

Kolo rock art site.

Tarangire national park has the most exciting and attractive site on the outskirts of the park ranked as a world heritage site, the Kolo rock art site displays ancient rocks and in this site is open to the public to enjoy the sight of these ancient rocks on a display and many artifacts left behind by the ancient hunter gatherers, many of the animal species gather in this rock art site.

Baobab trees.

The Baobab trees are the most historical trees in the Tarangire national park which are also known as the major attraction in the park, the Baobab trees are distinctly shaped trees they are also known as the hydrophytes, in that the trees store liters and liters of 3000 to 1000 of water in their bloated trucks than other trees in the park, these trees have lived in the park for over 600 years. The baobab trees are also referred as giant, bulbous and old and they stand out from the rest of the landscape in Tarangire national park.

Tarangire National Park
Baobab trees

Wildebeest migration in Tarangire National Park.

Research has shown that 30 to 50 % of the Tarangire wildebeest migrate northward to give birth in the northern plains, and thousands of Tarangire’s Zebra, eland, Oryx, gazelles also use the plains south of Lake Natron each wet season.

The wildlife migration of Tarangire.

Being the most seasonal parks in northern Tanzania, Tarangire has a lot of migratory movement within the greater Tarangire ecosystem, from Arusha, Tarangire is located at a distance of about 120 kilometers which is in the south east of Manyara National Park.

During June to October which is the dry season, most of the Tarangire park can be completely dry with also the few water sources, there are unimaginable large herds of different animals that move into the park which are attracted to the waters of Tarangire River, this enormous movement of wildlife though not as big as the more renowned annual wildebeest migration.

Largest elephant population in Tanzania.

Elephants are the key attractions in Tarangire National park that has made the park to become internationally popular is its largest elephant which in fact is considered to be the highest in the whole Tanzania. As the dry season from June to October progresses and terrain becomes even drier, you will see numerous large elephant herds of about 300 individual per herd digging the dry riverbed of Tarangire river in search for underground streams of water to quench their thirst in the park, while in rainy seasons offers the plenty growth of pastures and water thus the animals do spread in the park which can be easily spotted.

Tarangire River.

Tarangire River is a major attraction in the park, it is described as a permanent water source in Tarangire national park where different wildlife gather to drink especially during the dry seasons especially from June to October.

Activities done in Tarangire National Park.

Walking safari.

Walking safari gives you the more learning experience about the smaller animals within the park and away of spotting the animals at close range without disturbing them as well you experience a different world by taking a trip to a Maasai or Barabaig village with the numerous ancient paintings, in neighborhood with Kolo on Dodoma road.

Sightseeing trips.

Tarangire National park has a thick vegetation with acacia shrubs and mixed woodland, the huge baobab trees that are scattered around in huge numbers to make your safari trip a memorable one, also they are number of chances to explore the region on walk safaris when if the park is hidden and relatively unknown.

Bird watching.

Various and different bird species can be seen in Tarangire National Park such as the Kori bustard, hornbills, rufous tailed weavers, ashy starlings, barbets, yellow necked spur fowl, hammerkops the list is endless. Bird watching in the park is best done during the wet season in the months from November to March when the local or the resident birds are breeding as well at the time the migrant bird species can be seen in the park.

Tarangire National Park
yellow necked spur fowl

Cultural visits.

Cultural Visits in the Tarangire National Park are engaged between the tourists to the Maasai villages to interact with the local community and this activity also involves getting to know the way of life of the locals their styles of living, economy, seeing local art and craft work such as the beaded necklaces, earrings, anklets and also visiting their local markets.

Game viewing.

Game viewing is among the main activity done by the tourists during their visit in the Tarangire National park, the park has various animals’ species like the elephants, zebras, buffalos, waterbucks, dik-dik, elands, impalas, warthogs and many more. Tarangire national park due to the Tarangire River that passes attracts a variety of the wildlife in dry season hence this is the best time for game viewing in the period of June to October.

Game viewing in the park takes place at different intervals that is the morning, afternoon and in the evening as well as full day, in the morning the tourists can see a variety of wildlife since it’s the period when the animal species can be active as they graze in the savannah plains.

Best time to visit Tarangire National Park.

The dry season in the months of June through November are the best times to visit the Tarangire National Park, as most of the animals will head towards the Tarangire River to main hydrated, providing travelers with excellent game viewing opportunities.

Entrance fees of Tarangire National Park.

Category PEAK SEASON (16th May to 14th March) LOW SEASON (15TH March to 15th March)
  EA (Tshs) Non EA Citizen (USD) Expatriate /Resident (USD) EA (Tshs) Non EA Citizen (USD) Expatriate /Residents(USD)
Of above the age of 16 years 10,000 50 25 10,000 45 22.5
Between the age of 5 to 15 years 2000 15 7.5 2000 15 7.5
Children below the age of 5 years Free Free Free Free Free Free

Where to stay in Tarangire National Park.

Tarangire National park has got the most conducive and suitable accommodation with comfort beddings, these accommodations are categorized into the budget, mid-range and luxury accommodation such as the Tarangire Safari lodge, Tarangire Sopa Lodge, Tarangire Treetops, Baobab tented camp, and many more.

How to get to Tarangire National Park.

Tarangire National Park can be accessed by both the road and Air means of transport from either Arusha, Dar es Salaam, Zanzibar to the park.

By Road. Tarangire can be reached by driving from Arusha to the park.

By Air means. Tarangire national park can be accessed through different airstrips such as Tarangire airstrip through charter and domestic flights to the destination.

Tarangire National Park is well known as a wonderful birding destination and also features large numbers of wildlife, particularly during the dry season, that’s when the Tarangire River is the only source of water in the areas which attracts a variety of wildlife, the landscape is of particular interest too, due to the high number of the scenic baobab trees making your Tanzania safari a fantastic one.

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